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Native English speakers attend adult basic education ABE classes to learn basic skills so they can get high school equivalency certificates or achieve other goals related to job, family, or further education. English language learners attend English as a second language ESL or ABE classes to improve their oral and written skills in English and to achieve goals similar to those of native English speakers.
Audience for this Brief This brief is written for the following audiences: A number of Web sites are provided as examples in this article. The list is not an exhaustive one nor does this brief necessarily endorse these specific sites. It is strongly recommended that practitioners take the time to evaluate for themselves whether a particular Web site or online professional development service can meet their needs in an effective manner.
The reader should be aware that given the speed at which electronic resources change, the Web sites listed within this brief may not remain current after publication of this brief.
Background Programs face a number of challenges in providing professional development for educators of adults learning English as a second language ESL. Facilities for providing professional development may be located far from one another within a state or region.
In addition, teachers may have widely varying teaching experience, training, and qualifications. As a result, it can be difficult to: Professional development provided online offers a way to address these challenges.
This brief describes current efforts to provide online professional development opportunities and resources for adult ESL teachers and discusses factors that must be considered in the development, delivery, and evaluation of professional development that is available online. Research Findings Online professional development programs hold great promise for use with adult ESL educators.
Working in the context of a graduate level program for teaching English to Speakers of other languages TESOLRoessingh and Johnson compared the challenges and benefits of teaching online courses with teaching the same courses in a traditional face-to-face setting. These findings take on particular significance when considered alongside the results of studies exploring the primary problems outlined in the Background of traditional professional development for teachers in adult education.
Online professional development seems poised to help in meeting these needs.
Types of essays for middle school are the easiest, but they require some time and efforts to cover topic. Narrative Essay, or “The last night was the best episode of my life ” One of the most common types of essay for middle school is a narrative essay. Our ESL Lesson Plan Library. Hundreds of teacher-led ESL lessons covering IELTS, TOEFL, Grammar, Idioms, Vocabulary, Functional Language and more! You ask students to adopt a certain point of view, to pick a side, so to speak. Think of the type of essays students must write for international examinations like the Cambridge exams. Because they are more difficult, essays are usually assigned and practiced in ESL classes aimed at exam preparation.
This does not mean that online professional development is a panacea. A study looking at the benefits and problems surrounding the use of an online professional development resource site for teachers of English as a foreign language EFL found that while the teachers reported positive perceptions of the resources on the Web site, they did not make frequent use of them Kabilan, Given the large investments of time, money, and expertise necessary to design and facilitate courses online, a question to be considered is: Egbert and Thomas point to the design of online programs as a possible culprit: Because adult ESL educators are often limited in choice to online professional development courses designed either for a general adult educator audience or for ESL teachers who do not teach adults see Tables 1 and 2 belowthe question of content relevance is particularly valid.
Technical Support Researchers have found that teachers have a persistent, if hesitant, interest in technology for instructional purposes, but often feel uncomfortable or ill prepared to use it in their teaching Sabatini, Daniels, Ginsberg, Limeul, and Russell, Much remains to be learned about what goes into building a community identity among adult ESL teachers.
One element that has been found to contribute to community building online is to emphasize a common sense of responsibility among members.
The same study also found that having clear rules for member participation—some predefined, some negotiated by the group—also helped create a sense of community among the learners. Time and Incentives Offering a course on the Web is only a first step in providing online professional development options for teachers.
The course needs to be maintained through continuous funding and disseminated so that teachers will know that it is available and how they can benefit from using it. Online Professional Development Programs in Use In order to understand the full range of professional development options available online for adult ESL instructors, it is helpful to distinguish between two broad categories of online resources and online training.
However, distinguishing the two is a first step in helping practitioners select options to meet their needs. It should be noted that while some of the Web sites listed here have been designed specifically for adult ESL teachers, others are designed with different teacher populations in mind but nevertheless provide important information and activities for adult ESL teachers.
Online Resources Online resources include a broad range of Web sites and online materials. What is common among these resources is that they can be accessed by teachers in order to learn about and, in some cases, share ideas on topics related to the profession of adult ESL teaching.English for Specific Purposes World, ISSN , vetconnexx.com, Issue 40, vol.
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This site provides a large collection of English as a Second Language (ESL) tools & resources for students, teachers, learners and academics. Browse all the pages and find useful links and plenty of information.
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