Evolution of urban mass transportation Growth in the 19th century The history of urban mass transportation is first a story of the evolution of technologyfrom walking, to riding animals, to riding in groups on vehicles pulled by animals, and eventually to cable cars, larger-capacity steam-powered trains, electric trains, and motor buses powered by internal-combustion engines.
Mass transit system refers to public shared transportation, such as trains, buses, ferries etc that can commute a larger number of passengers from origin to destination on a no-reserved basis and in lesser time.
It can also be termed as Public Transport.
Rapid transit is an important form of mass transit such as subways and surface light rail systems, designed for commuting inter-city or intra-city. Mass transit may be based on fixed route system such as subway trains, metros or non-fixed route system such as buses.
It is potentially more economical, eco-friendly and less time consuming.
In addition it is the most competent way of reducing the ever growing traffic congestion of the developing city. Mass transit has the advantage of smaller rights of way and developing lesser amount of infrastructure required for highways and roads.
The drawback of the system is the necessity to travel on a fixed rather than an individually selected schedule and to enter and disembark from the system only at certain designated locations. Mass transit can be of two types: Heavy rails are one of the better forms of mass transit as: They are fast They will not interfere with the other traffic as they require separate underground infrastructure But the initial cost of heavy rail is very high.
It works best at places where a larger number of people will ride them such as in the center of big and densely populated cities. Impacts - Advantages of Mass Transit: Environmental Impacts Mass transit is believed to be more environmental friendly than other public transport facilities.
Private vehicles emit about twice as much carbon monoxide and other volatile organic compounds than public vehicles. Mass transit reduces the number of cars on the road which in turn reduces the pollution caused by individual cars. Social Impacts of Mass Transit All members of the society irrespective of their financial status, religion or cast are able to travel which enhances the social integrity of the country.
The necessity of a driving license is also eliminated.
It is a blessing for those individuals who are unable to drive. Economic Impacts of Mass Transit Mass transit development can both improve the usefulness and efficiency of the public transit system as well as result in increased business for commercial developments and thus serves to improve the economy of the country.
Transit systems also have an indirect positive effect on other businesses. Mass transit systems offer considerable savings in labor, materials, and energy over private transit systems.
Also mass transit allows a higher amount of load to be transported to far away destinations in lesser time because of its reasonable capacity than private vehicles. Because of their larger capacity offering them to carry high efficient engines they also help in saving fuels.
Reduces congestion The main idea behind mass transit is to reduce the number of vehicles on the road by providing a larger facility which carries higher number of passengers thus eliminating congestion.A total of 87% of trips on public transit have a direct impact on the local economy.
Of all riders, 71% are employed and 7% are students. More than two-thirds of riders walk to their stop or station. During this era, mass transit had a significant impact on American urban development.
Mass transit’s importance in the lives of most Americans started to decline with the growth of automobile ownership in the s, except for a temporary rise in transit ridership during World War II. Mass Transit System and Its Impact on Private Vehicle Numbers on the Road.
Problem of Study How has the introduction of a Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) like Delhi Metro, affected the car buying behaviour of resident commuters? Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Economic Impact Analysis of the system.
As a major enterprise in its own right, the District contributes OVERVIEW OF THE SYSTEM The Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District (CUMTD) offers comprehensive bus transit services to the cities of Champaign, Urbana, and Savoy as well as the University of Illinois.
Mass transit in the U.S. has proven to have significant economic, environmental, and social advantages. Increasing mass transportation will provide greater mobility, help to generate jobs and increase economic growth; while reducing the harmful carbon footprint left on the environment.